The Golden Ratio

Today, I have been shown a presentation on the Golden Ratio or also referred to as Golden Number, Divine Proportion, Golden Proportion, Fibonacci Number, and Phi.

I learned that the golden section is a rectangle formed by a square and another rectangle. The cool fact about this is that you can repeat the system again and again within each section.

“Without mathematics, there is no art,”  said Luca Pacioli, a contemporary of Da Vinci.

golden-rectangle-ratio
If you take away the big square on the left, what remains is yet another golden rectangle…and so on.

The golden ratio in art and architecture

The appearance of the ratio in music, in patterns of human behaviour,and even in the proportion of the human body, all point to its universality as a principle of good structure and design.

Golden Section is found in various things like architecture, portraits, paintings like the ‘Mona Lisa’, and in the proportion of the human body. Some people say golden ratio dates as far back as the great pyramids and it’s still applied in contemporary art today. I learned that golden ratio can be a good tool in achieving good beauty, stability and harmony in art. The golden ratio can be used in more elegant ways to create aesthetics and visual harmony in any branch of the design arts. This golden section has been used by the greatest designers/artists the world has ever known.

On the other hand, there are some critics and mathematicians out there who say that the golden ratio isn’t to be found in art at all. Whereas, scholars say that “the golden ratio is the most mysterious of all compositional strategies.” They say that creating images based on this rectangle will be more likely to appeal to the human eye.

In this video clip, you will see various examples of the usage of the golden ratio


Source:

http://emptyeasel.com/2009/01/20/a-guide-to-the-golden-ratio-aka-golden-section-or-golden-mean-for-artists/.
http://www.maths.surrey.ac.uk/hosted-sites/R.Knott/Fibonacci/fibInArt.html/.
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